How does this post-bourgeois panacea compare with evidence for the counterthesis that ideology is now waxing stronger than ever? In answer to this question let us examine the arguments for an end of ideology from Mannheim and Aron through Feuer, Molnar, Kerr, Bell, and Lipset. Let us, then, assess the evidence in the light of data which their arguments either neglect altogether or otherwise fail to analyze.
Marxism, according to Aron, is the last great ideology prior to the end of the ideological age. What people increasingly agree upon is the need for a system that increases the volume of collective resources, the GNP, and reduces the disparity of status between groups with a minimum of delay and friction. Consensus instead of conflict is the goal of modern advanced societies. By comparison with the bitter ideological struggles of the 20s and 30s, the disputes of the 50s are more like fencing matches.